“We are all familiar with frequent news articles about people with mental illness who are not mental health professionals and who oppose law enforcement and die.” I have written Deborah Danner, who had schizophrenia, wrote in a personal essay on January 28, 2012. Four years later, on October 18, 2016, Sergeant Hugh Barry of the New York Police Department Shot her deadly twice with her torso..
Danner included in her essay a “wish list” of requests in response to “the plight of others” [her]”: Police atrocities against people with mental illness or other disabilities. “Teach law enforcement agencies how to deal with people with mental illness in crisis to prevent another’Gompers’,” Danner said. 1984 NYPD kills Eleanor Vanpool.. “They used deadly power to conquer her because they weren’t well trained in how to put a mentally ill person in jeopardy. This wasn’t an isolated incident.”
Approximately since Danner’s death in 2016 4,658 people were killed by police.. The percentage of marginalized identities is staggering. As of 2020, blacks accounted for about 28 percent of those killed by police. Despite covering only 13 percent of the U.S. population.. Moreover, Black women make up 13% of the female population, 20% of women were shot dead and 28% of unarmed deaths died, According to the Washington Post. Since 2015, about 250 women have been shot dead by police. Thirteen of those women were black women with reported mental illness.. For black women with disabilities, systematic racism, misoginoir, and disability discrimination all appear to contribute to negative interactions with law enforcement agencies.
According to Kimberlé Crenshaw, a law professor at the University of California, Los Angeles and the Columbia Law School. Intersectionality, How she explains The structure of power overlaps and intersects in social identity Race, gender, disability, etc. “In the context of women, certain contours may not be visible because they do not fit our typical vision,” Crenshaw said. 2016 Speech to OMEGA Women’s Leadership Center.. “If the prototype doesn’t fit, the problem isn’t included.” This logic applies specifically to the particular experience of black women with disabilities and women of color, especially during the Trump era, she said, “erasing intersections.” Labeled.
“The likelihood that black women and women of color who are at or perceived to be at risk of mental health will experience violence, arrest, or involuntary hospitalization is gender, gender incompatibility, And it is exacerbated by the perception of mental instability based on sexuality. ” write in Police misconduct lawyer Andrea Ritchie Police violence against invisible, black and colored women..
Azza AltiraifiDefenders of black people with disabilities have stated that disability is a crime because non-normative behavior that is believed to threaten the oppressive situation is a crime. In effect, discrimination against persons with disabilities strengthens the system of criminalization. “Therefore, blacks and browns are affected by disability discrimination. Even if they are not disabled, they are not identified as disabled and are not part of the community in terms of personal identification,” Altiraifi said. Said.
In addition, “disordered behavior” is recognized by law enforcement agencies as an indicator of discrimination against persons with disabilities. This is an estimate that results from discrimination against persons with disabilities and also affects people without disabilities. For example, Dyma Loving, a black woman without disabilities, was severely arrested by former detective Alejandro Giraldo. Threatened to unknowingly commit her to a mental health agency Under Florida Baker Act, she reported a white neighbor pointing a gun at her and her friends in May 2019 after she called the Miami-Dade Police.
Video footage from police body cameras and cell phones repeatedly asked the scene to charge her phone so she could call her sick daughter, and she “calmed down” to rubbing. “And showed that he was saying,” Stop screaming. ” Girard can hear the raised, distressed voice tone of the rubbing in a video that describes “being chaotic.”
There has been a surge in recent calls for reform of police training, especially in response to the police killing of Breona Taylor. Studies on current models of police training in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom show that control or defense techniques are not taught in parallel with other sensorimotor skills or other skills such as communication. This training method “Block and silo” approach, According to the Force Science Institute. “For example, cuffs are taught separately from takedown technology and neither is integrated with deescalation,” FSI reported. “It’s the type of instruction to achieve Educational purpose But but Learning goals.. This increases the learner’s knowledge of which rules to follow and when, but later when the learner tries to perform the technique in a dynamic or realistic encounter, they become impossible. In 2019, CBS News collected data from more than 150 police stations. Training practice of racial bias training.. In Louisville, Kentucky, Taylor was killed by police in an apartment just a year after the investigation, but the agency reported to CBS that implicit racial bias training was required annually from 2015. 16 hours once a year from 2018.
The “block and silo” approach to police training casts doubt on the lack of integrated training on gender orientation, disability, and racism.The U.S. Department of Justice reports: State and local law enforcement training Subjects devoted to “mental illness,” “cultural diversity / relationships,” and “victim reactions” were taught over different periods of time. For example, 10 hours of training was spent on “mental illness” and 12 hours on “cultural diversity / relationships”. Only 5 hours were spent on “victim response” training. Whether these subjects were taught in a “block and silo” approach, how disability discrimination, race and gender prejudice can play a role in dealing with women with color disabilities in crisis. It is unclear if they were taught in cooperation.
After the death of George Floyd, Emily Island, Experience autism, Written as follows. “The obvious starting point is to train the police for autism and other disabilities … but training the police is absolutely necessary, but it turns out that it is not enough.”
Iland points out the general assumption that police are supposed to “solve all our problems,” including mental health emergencies involving people with disabilities. “It’s better to call the Crisis Center, a behavioral expert,” Iland said. “The meltdown associated with a disability is not usually a crime, so calling the police to a person with autism and doing a meltdown makes the disability a crime.”
There are many mental health professionals with experience in the disabled community who believe that the development of alternative emergency contacts is important. Jennifer Sallet, a lecturer at Emory University’s Center for Human Health Research, works with people with intellectual and developmental disabilities in the criminal justice system. She believes she needs to bring in social workers to help people suffering from mental health problems, and even voluntary encounters with local police can threaten their lives. She points out that there is. “I think it can significantly reduce some of the harm done, but officers do not eliminate everything because they interact with people with disabilities without those calls.” Said. For example, police regularly interact with homeless people with disabilities. one quarter Many people with disabilities face the homeless. Therefore, what can be perceived as a criminal offense by spectators and law enforcement agencies is actually survival (ie, wandering, public urination, begging on the street).
Kerima Chevic, a son activist and mother who does not speak with autism, wants to completely mitigate police encounters to prevent potential violence. She believes that when police train in risk management, they are forcing the idea that those in need of help in times of crisis are instead a security risk for police officers. “Police should be a last resort,” says Çevik. She also believes that they should not be in places where their intervention is not needed, such as crisis response. “In other words, we never-” pauses Chebik. “If my son melts down, I don’t need to call the police. When I wake up in the morning,” Thank God. He’s not dead. “” Thank God. I’m not dead. ” say.
In response to the specific harm experienced by blacks with disabilities, Coalition of abolition and justice of disability Seeking Financing and expansion Prison-of the “Providing Resources and Training in the Practice and Process of Meditation, Return, and Accountability” programs that require the dismantling of the entire industrial complex.For this Refuse reform Replacing police and criminalization with mandatory social and medical services. “Required social and health services are as damaging as our police and cage systems,” ADJC writes. “In these situations, people living with neurodiversity and / or disability are systematically abused and unable to make decisions about their lives.”
Moreover, BYP100 Action Fund Started a national campaign called She is safe, we are safe Increase safe intervention in gender-based violence that does not rely on police contact, while redistributing police funding to a “community-determined program to address gender-based violence in the black community.”
These grassroots organizations are being mobilized, among other things, for transformative justice for disability black women and gender-incompatible blacks being disproportionately targeted by police. Training of federal workers on racial prejudice Including critical race theory and white privilege, they claim to be two ideologies that promote division while perpetuating “anti-American propaganda.”
In response to the September presidential directive, Sevic believes that the Trump administration’s directive will drive further division by strengthening racial prejudice. “The true impact of such a presidential directive depends on the actual effectiveness of the training currently offered and what systematic changes have occurred in parallel with the training that actually results in attitude changes. Will be done, “Cevik continued. War attempts have been going on for four years. “
About the author: Natalie Crystal Doggett Accessibility of Loreen Arbus is a basic programThe first fellowship established to train women with disabilities as professional journalists and to be able to write, investigate and report on the most important issues affecting the disabled community.