In July, the US Supreme Court upheld the Trump administration’s rules allowing employers who disagree with contraception religiously or morally to limit women’s access to contraceptive coverage under the reform of the health insurance system. Did.
The decision was rarely covered from this point of view, but this was yet another victory for populism.
As the wave of populism intensifies around the world and democracy recedes, women’s rights are at risk of receding. “Democracy won in the 20th century,” critic Andrew Rawnsley wrote. Guardian.. “The big mistake was to think that this trend was so powerful that it couldn’t be undone.” Freedom House, an annual think tank Global Freedom Audit“The basis of democracy is being attacked all over the world.”
The most frequent targets of attacks are those who have recently acquired legal rights. Women are a prime example. In the United States, the Trump administration is moving fast against women’s reproductive rights. The European Women’s Lobby reports that the far-right radical party has gained power and is taking “concrete measures against women’s and men’s equality.”
Patriarchy, its ancient code Give it to a man Control Most power When Authority and society, A terrifying enemy. Studies show that a woman’s life is shaped by what Laura Bierema of the University of Georgia calls her life. Hidden curriculum, It teaches girls and women “subordination to the power of the dominant patriarchy”. She states: “Lessons learned include gender roles, diminished women’s value, silence and invisibility, obedience to men’s power, and acceptance of role contradictions. Girls and boys, women and men throughout their lives. Learn about these power relationships. [They] They are so deeply rooted in culture that most people do not question or challenge and are virtually invisible. “”
Patriarchy flourished during the rise of populism, and today there are more democracies than there are. Andrew Rawnsley states that democracy is “vulnerable, vulnerable, and accidental” than we expected. “The arc of history cannot be irreversibly bent in favor of freedom. The case for that needs to be updated and rejuvenated from generation to generation.” Otherwise, women struggle. The rights acquired can be a major victim. Furthermore, according to World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap Report 2020: “This year’s report emphasizes the increasing urgency of action. At the current rate of change, it will take almost a century to achieve equality. This is today’s globalized world. It is an unacceptable timeline, especially among the younger generation, who have an increasingly progressive view of gender equality. “
But perhaps even more ominous than lagging behind in the economic arena, women abandon feminism and return to their traditional position as second sex, retreating to homes and hearths and encouraging them to subordinate to men. It has been.Sherina Munaf Hamed, author Generation M: Young Muslims Who Change the World, write in, “”We need to be most concerned about the general social and political mood. In some circles, women’s empowerment is considered an existential threat to men. Populism holds power primarily behind the desire of men to return things to their former state, born of the painful feeling of being “left behind.”
Politicians such as Jair Bolsonaro of Brazil, Vladimir Putin of Russia, and Rodrigo Duterte of the Philippines. Viktor Orbán in Hungary, Recep Tayyip in Turkey, Andrzej Duda in Poland, and Donald Trump in the United States show anti-feminine sentiment and policy.
Amanda Marcot of salon Many people write that the past, which makes them feel nostalgic, is patriarchal. “It’s a system that relies on putting women under the direct control of men, drawing unpaid work from women and keeping the system up and running. It’s a system where men’s freedom is based on women’s traps. Yes, men can run the world and know that someone is at home to make sure they finish cooking. “
Some men are becoming more and more angry with the idea of gender equality. In the United States, in 2018, the Southern Poverty Law Center added two male supremeist websites to the list of hatred groups, identifying male hegemony for the first time as a clear ideology of hatred. This idealism, According to SPLCRepresents all women as “genetically inferior, manipulative and stupid” beings that exist primarily for “reproductive and sexual function”.
“That’s why Mr. Trump’s tolerant brand of sexual assault is being brushed as a” changing room “story,” he says. Sherina Munaf Hamed.. “That’s why Mr. Duterte (President of the Philippines) can make jokes about rape.
When patriarchy and populism stand up together, one of the first causal relationships is female hegemony over one’s body. The Guardian “Attack on reproductive rights is closely linked to damage to the most fundamental right to physical safety. Polish President Andrzej said Threaten to leave A treaty aimed at preventing violence against women during a period of pandemic domestic violence. “
In the United States, the Trump administration has launched a global and domestic blitzkrieg on reproductive rights. Trump has proclaimed a global gag rule that prohibits US-funded organizations from using their money to endorse, share, or provide abortion services. At international conferences such as the United Nations Commission on the Status of Women, the Trump administration insisted on blocking access to sexual and reproductive health, especially abortion.
In Japan, the law on domestic violence Partially burned down. The Trump administration recently changed the definition of violence to include only physical harm. Psychological abuse, compulsory management and manipulation-currently accepted as the key to abuse by most medical professionals-is no longer recognized. He also made significant changes to the Federal Title X Family Planning Program. Family planning providers that provide abortion services will no longer be federally funded.
There is growing concern about how populist influential people can deprive women of the rights they have fought for years to acquire. In 2019, a group of 40 female leaders from around the world I wrote a letter Threat warning. Former Argentine Foreign Minister Susana Marcola said the populist government argued that women’s empowerment was a dangerous challenge to men’s power. She told Reuters: And in our view, it would be difficult to reverse without speaking loudly about it. ”
Stanford University Political Scientist Anna Gujimara-Bus Populism is a political program and says it has a political solution. She tells women (and men): Vote for politicians and political parties who make credible promises, simply don’t want to stop criticizing, or consider their enemies as enemies and commit to the democratic rules of the game. At the same time, we need to understand, not just blame, why so many voters find populist politicians attractive. “
In this case, silence is not golden. This is especially true if the hard-earned rights of women are related to gender awareness.