Before the Covid 19 pandemic, women and girls weren’t doing very well in STEMM (science, technology, engineering, math, medicine).Despite accounting for more than half of the college-educated workforce, U.S. women 29% of employers In the science and engineering profession in 2017. Moreover, 2018 report A Microsoft study found that girls and young women are still less likely than boys to imagine or pursue a career at STEMM.
But now the really bad news is coming.new National Academy of Sciences Studies Discovered that pandemics could “roll back” women’s interests in STEMM.. Researchers conclude that women have made some profits over the past few years, but “these trends have been hampered by the buildup of telecommuting difficulties and increased long-term care responsibilities during the pandemic.” rice field. One associate professor quoted in the report said: I have 3 kids doing a full time virtual school and need my attention all day long. .. .. .. I wake up in front of them and try to work after they go to bed, but this is difficult given that they wake up at 7am for school and don’t go to bed early. “
Meanwhile, the group Girl writing code By 2027, this continued decline reports that only 24 percent of girls will remain in the computer space. Moreover, Journal Nature “Early analysis suggests that female scholars post fewer preprints than male researchers and start fewer research projects.”
All this is in the light of a long-standing ongoing media story that “science” is finding significant differences between men and women, especially in the fields of mathematics and science. This myth is like a chimera. Cut off one head and pop up and replace two more heads. Columnist George Will wrote:Hysteria only Condemn interest in these possible differences. “
And in July 2017, Google engineer James Damore caused a nationwide uproar by posting online. Women’s biology claims that women are less capable of working in technology jobs than men..New York Times columnist Ross Douthat Intrigued by his scientific debate.. Damore said many men in the company agreed with his feelings. That’s not unexpected. Because the idea that women can’t hack it in math or science has been around for a long time. It has been argued that the lack of “mathematical genes” in women, their unique psychological traits, and their brain structure make most women unfit for STEMM careers.
As we wrote, such an idea is nonsense Recoding At the time of Google dust up. “We have been studying gender and STEMM issues for over 25 years. There is no evidence that female biology does not perform at the highest level in any STEMM field.” Despite the facts. Prejudice against women It continues to grow in these areas. It is worrisome to hear that Covid is another brick of the barrier to discrimination against women in science. Such prejudices are especially prevalent in the booming tech industry.
Professor at Columbia University, Northwestern University and University of Chicago, found Two-thirds of managers chose male job seekers, even if men did not perform as well as women due to math problems that were part of the application process. Ernesto Reuben, an assistant professor of business administration at Columbia Business School, said: ”
Another big problem is Many women in the tech industry believe that if they fail, they will never have a chance. This fear was revealed by the 2008 AthenaFactor project sponsored by IBM, Microsoft, Dell, and Cisco. Athena found that for women, work “hard wins and is easily lost.” Getting a high-status job is not enough. You have to keep it. Continuing a high level of work is easier for men than for women. Men’s mistakes are often tolerated. Women are not. One mistake, and you may find yourself in the skid. One of the researchers, Sylvia Ann Hewlett, said: Dash off, wrestle with the router over the weekend and come back to the hero. “
But what if you don’t catch?
“The woman is having a hard time taking on those missions because you may jump in and not be caught. If the man fails, his companion dusts him and says,” It’s your fault. No. Please try again next time. “The woman fails and will never be seen again. A female engineer said: That’s because men can leave unharmed from mistakes. Women are not. As a result, the woman falls into a defeat situation where she did not see her come.
Our research found almost the same. As quoted in our book New soft war against women,: “Technical leaders often see themselves as the“ good guys ”in the corporate world. “Don’t be evil” is Google’s motto. However, in the technology industry and the startup community, the level of sexual harassment and its health impact on women is very high.First Round Capitals 2017 survey Half of the founders of venture-backed startups talked about their personal experiences with sexual harassment. They also split about public perceptions of the problem.: 70% of female founders say that sexual harassment in the industry is still underreported, while 35% of male founders do. And men were four times more than women, saying the media exaggerated this issue (22% vs. 5%).
In some cases, training in sexual harassment has been shown to backfire. A study at the University of Nebraska Omaha found that while training increased knowledge of the components of sexual harassment, it also had a corrosive impact on workplace culture. “What was worrisome was that the trained men showed a repulsive effect … they said they were less willing to report sexual harassment than the untrained men.” .. time magazine.. Perhaps a male participant who participated in the training, was identified with a male, circled a wagon, and accused a woman. Studies show that when men focus on women’s progress, they often do it.
McKinsey Report During the pandemic, women account for 39% of global employment, but 54% of total unemployment. “One of the reasons this impact on women is that the virus significantly increases the burden of unpaid care that is carried disproportionately by women. This is, among other factors, with women. Even taking into account the fact that men work in different sectors, it means that women’s employment is declining faster than average. ” Global trends write in: “Given the trends observed over the past few months, in a gender regression scenario where no measures have been taken to counter these effects, global GDP growth in 2030 will be 1 higher than women’s unemployment. It could be a trillion dollars lower. I just tracked it down for men in each sector. “
At the same time, ultra-smart computers are robbing humans of their jobs at an alarming rate. Hod Lipson, director of Creative Machines Lab at Columbia University, said: This is a new situation in human history and we are not ready for it. In this process, women are more at risk than men. In 2019, the Women’s Policy Institute’s first study of the impact of women’s artificial intelligence on work shows that women make up just under half of the U.S. workforce, but almost half. 60 percent The number of workers at the highest risk of being expelled by this technology. Worse news: These cuts are in a relatively high-paying position and are used by women to move forward in a work culture that favors men. Adding a pandemic to this problem makes things look very dark.
Eve Higginbosam, chairman of the committee behind the Academy of Sciences report, said: STAT An ongoing pandemic states that it could adversely affect women’s careers at STEMM in the future. It will be like the 1950s again. So I think it’s a gender recession that American companies see. “
And the fairy tales that women can’t do science or math can last for years to come.