What is the Difference between IPO and FPO in Stock Market?

What is the Difference between IPO and FPO in Stock Market?

Every investor should understand IPOs and FPOs. Both expressions allude to a corporation going public and issuing stock. However, they differ significantly. This post will explain the main distinctions between an IPO and an FPO.

Introduction to IPO and FPO

A company’s initial stock sale is an IPO. When a company goes public, this is a vital moment. IPOs raise funds for operations, debt repayment, and expansion. Legal, regulatory, underwriting, and marketing make an IPO hard.

A FPO is a stock offering after a firm goes public. Companies use FPOs to raise funds for operations, acquisitions, debt repayment, and other objectives. Since the company has gone public and is traded, FPOs are faster and simpler than IPOs.

What is FPO in Stock Market?

What is the Difference between IPO and FPO in Stock Market?
What is the Difference between IPO and FPO in Stock Market?

The stock market uses “FPO” for Follow On Public offer. FPOs are secondary stock offerings by publicly traded companies. It’s the first public sale of a publicly listed company’s shares.

Companies use FPOs to raise funds for operations, debt repayment, and R&D. In an FPO, the corporation issues new shares to the public rather than selling existing shares. This increases the number of shares outstanding and dilutes shareholder ownership.

An FPO helps a company swiftly raise cash. This is crucial for companies seeking growth capital or short-term funding. FPOs can also help successful organisations expand.

Rights and public FPOs exist. Existing shareholders can buy more shares proportionally in a rights offering. Public issues offer new shares to existing shareholders and new investors.

An FPO requires preparing a prospectus, which describes the company and offering. In India, SEBI must approve this paper.

The corporation can offer new shares if the prospectus is authorized. A lead manager or underwriter coordinates the sale of shares and ensures the firm obtains the full offering value.

An FPO’s success depends on many things, including the company’s financial performance, stock demand, and market conditions.

Before buying the stock, investors should examine FPO risks. Dilution is a problem since FPO shares dilute existing shareholders’ ownership positions. Supply and demand may also affect stock prices.

In conclusion, an FPO is a secondary public offering of stocks by a publicly traded firm to obtain funds rapidly and effectively. It’s complicated and demands a thorough analysis of the offering’s risks and rewards. Before investing in an FPO, investors should evaluate the company’s finances, stock demand, and market conditions.

What is IPO in Stock Market?

An IPO is a company’s First Public Offering. It marks the company’s public debut. The IPO process consists of offering new stock to the public and listing it on a stock exchange so anyone may purchase and sell it.

Companies raising financing need an IPO to access more investment funds. This cash can fund expansion, R&D, and debt repayment. Since shares may be traded, an IPO gives a company liquidity.

Underwriters coordinate the IPO and make sure the company gets the full value. The offering price is set by the underwriters.

The corporation will market the IPO to investors after setting the price. Executives engage with institutional investors and analysts in numerous cities during a roadshow. The roadshow raises awareness of the company and educates potential investors on its financial performance, growth prospects, and competitive position.

After marketing, the company will file a registration statement with the SEC, detailing the offering’s terms and financial performance. The company can IPO if the SEC approves the registration statement.

IPOs may fail. Market conditions, financial performance, and investor mood will affect stock demand and price. Thus, the IPO may underperform, and the shares may trade below the offering price.

Before buying an IPO, investors should weigh the risks. Dilution from an IPO’s extra shares reduces existing shareholders’ ownership interests. Since the company is not compelled to disclose financial information before the IPO, it may lack information.

In conclusion, an IPO is a company’s first public offering. It helps companies access more investment money and capital. Investors should weigh the risks of an IPO before buying the shares.

Key Differences between IPO and FPO

IPO vs. FPO differences include:

  • Purpose: An FPO raises funds after a firm goes public, while an IPO raises capital for early operations.
  • Timing: IPOs are normally done when a firm is young, while FPOs are done after a company has traded for a while.
  • Size: IPOs are larger than FPOs because corporations want to raise the most money in their first public offering.
  • Regulation: Companies must meet tight legal and regulatory standards during an IPO. Since the corporation is public, FPOs are less regulated.
  • Underwriting: Investment banks buy shares from the issuing firm and sell them to the public during IPOs. FPOs sell shares directly to the public without underwriting.
  • Marketing: Since the firm has a trading history, FPOs are not as aggressively marketed as IPOs to stimulate interest.

FAQs on IPO and FPO

What is the purpose of an IPO?

A corporation uses an IPO to raise funds, pay off debt, or grow. It signifies a company’s IPO.

What is the purpose of an FPO?

A public corporation raises funds through an FPO. FPOs finance business operations, acquisitions, debt repayment, and other objectives.

How is the process of an IPO different from that of an FPO?

IPOs take longer and need legal and regulatory compliance, underwriting, and extensive marketing. An FPO sells shares directly to the public without underwriting, making it faster and simpler.

Who can invest in an IPO or FPO?

Anyone can invest in an IPO or FPO, but it takes time and research. Since the company has gone public and is traded, investing in an FPO is usually easy.


Finally, every stock market investor should be aware of the terms IPO and FPO.Both words describe a firm going public, but they differ in aim, timing, size, regulation, underwriting, and marketing. Investors can capitalise on stock market opportunities by understanding the IPO and FPO distinctions.

Understanding the difference between an IPO and an FPO is essential for stock market performance, regardless of your experience. So remember the important differences and invest wisely.

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